Editorial policy
Plagiarism policy
IJPNI is committed to publishing the original studies and timely reviews that have neither been published nor is under review elsewhere. IJPNI is powered by CrossCheck™, iThenticate™ and CrossMark™, and all the submitted manuscripts are subjected to the CrossCheck. If plagiarism is identified, we will follow COPE guidelines. 
Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to:
Directly copying text from other sources
Copying ideas, images, or data from other sources
Reusing text from your own previous publications
Using an idea from another source with slightly modified language
If plagiarism is detected during the peer review process, the submission may be rejected. If plagiarism is detected after publication, we reserve the right to issue a correction or retract the paper, as appropriate. We reserve the right to inform authors' institutions about plagiarism detected either before or after publication.

Retraction Policy
Based on the COPE guidelines on the retraction, IJPNI will consider retracting a publication if: 
It has clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error). 
The findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication).
It constitutes plagiarism.
It reports unethical research.


Correction Policy

Changes to published articles that affect the interpretation and conclusion of the article, but do not fully invalidate the article, will, at the editor(s)’ discretion, be corrected via publication of an Erratum that is indexed and linked to the original article. Changes in authorship of published articles are corrected via an Erratum.


Publication Ethics
IJPNI, as a follower of COPE, is considering the committee's guidelines in all aspects of publication ethics. IJPNI  Editors follows "the international standards for editors" recommended by COPE.

Authorship policies
The ICMJE recommends the authorship to be based on the following 4 criteria:
1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work, or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data.
2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
3. Final approval of the version published.
4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work the authors have done, an author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. In addition, authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their coauthors. All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors.
Participation solely in the acquisition of funding, gathering of the data, technical help, writing assistance and general supervision of the research group does not warrant authorship. Those individuals who do not meet all four criteria should appear in the “Acknowledgments” section.

Authors Responsibility 
As part of the online submission process, authors are asked to affirm that the submission represents original work that has not been published previously, and that it is not currently being considered by another journal. 
Authors must also confirm that each author has seen and approved the contents of the submitted manuscript. Finally, authors should confirm that permissions for all appropriate uses have been obtained from the copyright holder for any figure, picture or chart, and or any copied items from a source.  The presence of the appropriate acknowledgment per item and the full address of the original source is required.  IJPNI is not responsible for any inclusion without authorization in any submission.

Authorship Changes
Any change in authorship (ie, order, addition, and deletion of authors) after initial submission must be approved by all authors. Authors should determine the order of authorship among themselves. In addition, any alterations must be clarified to the Editor/Editor-in-chief.


Competing interests
A competing interest exists when professional judgment concerning a primary interest (such as patients’ welfare or the validity of research) may be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain - employment, consultancies, stock ownership or options, honoraria, patents, and paid expert- testimony or personal relationship).

Ethical statement of research
 IJPNI follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and aims to adhere to its Best Practice Guidelines.
We strongly consider allegations of publication misconduct, both before and after publication, and we reserve the right to contact authors' institutions, funders, or regulatory bodies if needed. If we find conclusive evidence of misconduct, we will take steps to correct the scientific record, which may include supplying a correction or retraction.


Peer review process policy
IJPNI uses a single-blind review process that may be conducted by one or up to three expert reviewers. IJPNI reviews all manuscript submissions, internally or externally.
Original research articles authored by a member of a journal’s editorial team are independently peer reviewed; an editor will have no input or influence on the peer review process or publication decision for their own article.
All manuscripts submitted to IJPNI  are subject to rigorous review. This review consists of the following steps:
1. Initial submissions are reviewed by internal staff to ensure adherence to policies of our Publisher.
2. Submissions are then assigned to an Editor for evaluation.
3. The Editor decides whether reviews from additional experts are needed to evaluate the manuscript. The majority of submissions are evaluated by 3 reviewers, but it is up to the Editor to determine the number of reviews required.
4. After evaluation, the Editor chooses between the following decisions: 1. Accept, 2. Minor Revision, 3. Major Revision, 4. Reject
5. If the decision is Minor Revision or Major Revision, authors have 21 days to resubmit the revised manuscript. The revised copy of any manuscript needs to be submitted to by the corresponding author. Authors may contact email address if they require an extension. Manuscripts will be removed from the queue if an author fails to respond within 3 weeks after the due date. There is no fee for screening for plagiarism, and selected manuscript may be subject to this screening at the request of a reviewer or an editor.

Note: Authors may request detail of the review process and history of workflow before any submission.  Upon submission, a manuscript will be processed as required and an author may receive requests for additional information, edits, changes, or any other alteration including language improvement.  IJPNI reserves the right to accept, request revision with clear instructions and information or reject a submission as deemed necessary by editors.

Article Processing Charge (APC)
The article processing charges are in US dollars $305.00.  Additional charges will be determined upon receiving an article for publication (i.e. Language Editing) and each author will be informed and agrees to pay these fee at the time.  The total due amount is payable via a secured online payment system and must be in US Dollars only.  IJPNI reserve the right to study if any waiver can be provided.
Note: IJPNI has no article submission charge.

Waiver Policy: 
Authors from a number of developing countries with outstanding manuscript may receive a waiver of all fees excluding submission fee. Submission by any graduating Ph.D. student regardless of country of origin will receive a discount on the total amount due in most cases.  IJPNI reserves the right to determine eligibility to receive any waiver.