Submitted: 17 Dec 2019
Revised: 29 Feb 2020
Accepted: 01 Mar 2020
First published online: 05 Mar 2020
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Int J Phytocos Nat Ingred. 2020;7(1):2.
doi: 10.15171/ijpni.2020.02
  Abstract View: 134
  PDF Download: 51

Original Research

Application of phytocosmetic formulations based on Coffea arabica leaves extract

Abstract

Introduction: Coffee (Coffea arabica L.) leaf is well known for its cosmetic uses and skin benefits, for example its ability to help maintain natural skin’s humidity. The aim of this study was to design and evaluate the cosmetic effectiveness of the formulation of creams containing different concentrations of C. arabica leaves ethanol extract using hydrating, emollient raw materials and other excipients. Extracts from C. arabica seeds and Calahuala (Phlebodium decumanum (Willd.) J. Sm.) rhizome have demonstrated sun protection effect, so they are included in the formulation.Methods: Several formulations were made in which the raw materials and the concentration of the extracts varied from 1 to 5%, and thus, achieve a formulation to evaluate its effectiveness in tests such as pH skin compatibility, sun protection factor, among others. For optimal sun protection effects, extracts from C. arabica leaves and P. decumanum rhizome were added.Results: Results revealed that Formulation 2B, containing C. arabica leaves and C. arabica seeds, obtained a higher value in the UV protection Test, it also presented a better consistency, stability, less physical changes and an optimal pH value when compared to the other formulations.Conclusion: Based on the test results, herbal formulations using raw materials are suitable for its dermatological use, especially for dry/sensitive skin types based on the pH values, providing solar protection among other benefits which are still under analysis.
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