Submitted: 01 Nov 2016
Accepted: 24 Apr 2018
First published online: 01 May 2018
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Int J Phytocos Nat Ingred. 2018;5(1):1.
doi: 10.15171/ijpni.2018.01
  Abstract View: 67
  PDF Download: 53

Original Research

Quality Control of the Buriti oil (Mauritia flexuosa L. f.) for Use in 3-Phase Oil Formulation for Skin Hydration

Géssica Sampaio Pereira 1 * , Paula Martins Freitas 1, Silvia Luciane Basso 1, Poliana Moreira de Araújo 1, Renata Rodrigues dos Santos 1, Raimundo da Silva Alab Junior 1, Claudio F Conde 1, Elaine F. D. Pereira 2, Moacir Haverroth 3, Ana M. F. Amaral 4

1 FUNTAC, Divisão de Produtos Naturais – Acre/Brasil
2 FUNTAC, Divisão de Tecnologia da Madeira – Acre/Brasil
3 EMPRAPA – Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária– Acre/Brasil
4 FIOCRUZ – Fundação Oswaldo Cruz – Rio de Janeiro/ Brasil

Abstract

The Buriti (Mauritia flexuosa L. f.) is a Brazilian native palm tree. Its fruit has a hard shell and scaly covering a soft and oily pulp. Buriti oil is rich in oleic acid, also being considered natural source of beta-carotene, one of the most powerful antioxidants, becoming an excellent alternative for the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry. The fruits collected in the State Forest Antimary (Bujari city, Acre – Brazil) were processed, dried and then the oil was extracted by cold mechanical pressing. Chromatographic analyzes and the following physico-chemical analyses, according to the AOCS norms, were performed: Acid Index (AI), Peroxide Index (PI) and Saponification Index (SI). Samples of different batches were submitted to the gas chromatograph. After verified the excellent quality of the oil, a formulation of a three-phase oil for the skin hydration was prepared. From the physical and chemical analyzes, the average results for each parameter were compared with them limit by the RDC-270 ANVISA standard. These results demonstrated that the analyzed oils have great composition for using in cosmetics; it is an excellent raw material for the production of three-phase oil, when accompanied with other elements, such as mineral oil and propylene glycol, which has the capacity of hydration and smoothness of the skin.
© 2018 The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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